Shankha Bhasma – Benefits, Dosage, Ingredients, Side Effects, Preparation

Shankha Bhasma is an Ayurvedic medicine prepared from Conch shell. It is used in Ayurvedic treatment of gastritis, abdominal pain, malabsorption syndrome etc.

Shankha Bhasma Uses: 

  • It is coolant, improves skin color and complexion.
  • It is useful in the treatment of gastritis, acidity, abdominal colic, malabsorption syndrome, dyspepsia, vomiting, nausea, acne, etc.
  • It is used as ingredient in the preparation of Palash Kshar – Alkali of Butea monosperma.
  • Growing children, adolescents and post-menopausal women need more calcium. It provides natural calcium and vitamin C for the development and maintenance of healthy bones, teeth and cell membrane.
  • It easily absorbs and compensates the calcium requirement of the body.
  • It relieves the body from the condition of calcium deficiency without any side effect like constipation and acid formation in stomach.

Shankha Bhasma qualities:
Rasa (taste) – Katu, kshariya (kshara properties)
Guna (qualities) – Grahi – absorbent, useful in diarrhea, IBS, Guru – heavy to digest, Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura – sweet
Veerya (potency) – Sheeta – coolant
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Vata and Pitta Dosha
Chemical composition: Calcium carbonate – CaCO3

Conch shell - Shankh

Shankh Bhasm dosage:
250 mg – 500 mg once or twice a day before or after food or as directed by Ayurvedic doctor. It is traditionally administered along with honey, lemon juice, Triphala kashaya etc.

Shankh Bhasam adjuvant as per disease:
Atisara and grahani – diarrhoea, IBS – D – Along with lemon juice
Agnimandya – low digestion strength – Trikatu churna
Amlapitta – Gastritis – Along with Amalaki churna – Indian gooseberry
Gulma roga – Abdominal bloating, tumor – Along with Trikatu Churna or Yavakshar
Sannipataja Shoola – chronic abdominal colic pain – Along with trikatu choorna,hingu & saindhava lavana
Parinama shoola – Duodenal ulcer – along with pancha lavana, jaggery and Trikatu choorna
Shwasa roga – Asthma, bronchitis – Along with Bharngi Churna

Shankha names in different languages:
Sanskrit name :Shankha
Hindi: Shankh
English: Conch shell
Kannada: Shankha
Gujarati name: Shankh

Sanskrit synonyms:
Shankha, Shankhakha, Kambu, Kamboja, Kutilotta, Sasvana
Trirekha – having three horizontal lines
Samudraja – found in oceans
Pavadhwani, Sunada – produces auspicious sound
Mahanada, Deerghanada – produces deep sound
Haripriya – liked by Lord Vishnu

Shankh types
Dakshinavarta- its considered to be best, used in worship, acts as Tridosha hara, brings wealth
Vamavarta- available everywhere


Sankha Bhasma side effects:

  • Self medication with this medicine may prove to be dangerous.
  • Take this medicine in precise dose and for limited period of time, as advised by doctor.
  • Keep out of reach and sight of children. Store in a dry cool place.

Shanka Bhasma preparation, ingredients, how to make:
It is prepared from purified Conch shell. There are many different methods of preparation. Any one method can be used. Here is one such method.
Purified Shankha powder is ground with aloe vera juice or lemon juice, made into disc shaped cakes, dried, burnt in absence of air, in 800 – 900 degree celsius, allowed to self cooling. This process is repeated twice to obtain Bhasma.

Reference: Rasa Tarangini 12/17 – 18

Research: Evaluation of antacid activity

Manufacturers: Divya Pharmacy, Dabur, Baidyanath
Kottakkal Arya Vaida Sala manufactures the same in the form of capsule, called Sankha Bhasmam capsule.
Divya Pharmacy manufactures the same product in the name as Divya Shankha Bhasma

Grahya lakshana: Suitable characteristics of Conch for medicinal uses:
The shankha should have pleasant look,
white(shweta),heavy(guru), slimy(snigdha) clear(nirmala)
big(mahat) long, should be used for medicinal purpose

Tyajya Lakshana – Undesirable features of Shankha:
If the shankha is dry (rooksha), absence of water (nirjalavat), dark color(shyama) like copper, tinge of white and black(arda shubram) irregular shape(vikatam), should not be used for medicines

Shankha shodana
1. Shankha is cut in to pieces and takn pottali. Taken in dolayantra and given swedana media being jambeera or nimbu swarasa for 3 hours
2. Swedana is given for 3 hours media is Jayanti swrsa in dolayantra
3. Swedana is given for 3 hours, media being tandulodaka
4. Swedana in Dolayantra, media being kanji for for 3 hours. Then washed with hot water and dried

Shankha marana
Shodhita Shankha is made into pieces. Taken in puta made Sandhi bhadhana is made dried in sun light and made into Samputa then subjected to Gajaputa for two times. After attaining Swangusheetata puta is opened powedered in Khalva yantra. Bhasma is collected.

Ayurvedic medicines with Shanka Bhasma as ingredient: 
Agnikumar Ras – used in digestive disorders
Shankh Vati – used in acid peptic disorders
Agnisandeepana rasa
Apoorvamalini rasa
Kaphaketu rasa – used in the treatment of rhinitis, cough, cold, Asthma etc.
Kalingadi gutika
Grahani kapata rasa
Grahani gajendra rasa
Chaturthakari rasa
Pravala panchamrata rasa
Bhaskar rasa
Maha mrityunjaya loha
Maharaja nrapati vallaba rasa
Mahashankha vati
Vishama Jwaranpaka loha
Shankha rasa gutika
Shanka dravaka rasa

Does Shankha bhasma help in improving speech?
Some Ayurvedic doctors prescribe Shankhabhasma – 250 mg, along with 2 grams of Amla powder and a pinch (100-200 mg) of Vacha churna once or twice a day to treat speech disorders.

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  1. Excellent I love you and your subject/field very much.

  2. i have been suffering from acidity for the past one month not everyday but after every 10-12 days. My physian has prescribed me Shankh Bhasma and has advised me to take 250 mgm twice a day. He advised me to take it with water but I read on your site about other adjuvants.Kindly advise me what adjuvant I should use to take the medicine. Is it right to take it with water. How to measure 250mgms with small spoon.

    • Dr Malini Bhat says:

      Sir, If your physician has prescribed then take it with water only.

      Note: As we all are genetically different with different constitutions and patterns, we respond to treatments in many different ways. Hence Standard Ayurvedic Treatments are always individually formulated.


    Dear sir,

    The article is excellent.

    Please clarify:
    How water stored in Shank ( Conch) overnight and taken in the morning helps as per Ayurveda. Please elaborate, if it helps.


    • Hi, water stored in any vessel will get some amount of qualities from the nature of the vessel. For example, curd stored in brass or copper vessel will react to liberate hydrogen gas.

  4. Respected Sir
    My doctor prescribed sankh bhasam capsule by kottakal Arya Vaidya sansthan for healing after spinal surgery with screw fixation and also for indigestion. As mentioned in this site this medicine contain calcium carbonate it means it will create kidney stone ? If yes it is advise to take it because I already have two kidney stones.
    Please reply me

  5. can be use as powder on face for anti aging purpose?

  6. rajan gupta says:

    Can this cause weight loss bcause it has kshara properties

  7. will intake of shanka bhasma will cause gout…i am havng uric acid problem

  8. will shanka bhasma treat acne /pimples too? how much mg & for how long should it be taken? Please let me know about this. What else can be used for external application?

    • Yes, because it calms Pitta DOsha. 250 mg, twice a day, with water, before food, is the regular dose.
      Himalaya acne cream can be applied externally.
      For further advice, please consult an Ayurveda doctor directly.
      For email advice, please write to our health experts here (paid service) –

  9. Bhuvan Sharma says:


    My doctor has prescribed two tablets of shankha bhasma 1/2 hour before food. I am suffering from Reflux with bile gastritis. I was taking it 5 minutes before food. But after taking half hour before food, it is creating headache.
    Is it normal in the beginning or shall i reduce the time?

  10. HI Dr. J V Hebbar,
    The article is excellent with lot of information. I have seen on Facebook Haratalam Shanka churnam with salt water will help girls to get rid of unwanted hair on their lips. Is it true? If it is true,please let me know where I can get it.

  11. What is the use of Shankha bhasma + Tankan Bhasma + Kapardika Bhasma + Godanti Bhasma. Because Our Doctor advice all four bhasma with Rodhrasava and lohasava to my son (7 Years Old).

  12. this capsule also use fore acidity ?

  13. Anthony says:

    Hi I dislocated my elbow with fractures underwent surgery.. now after removing cast even after one month I am not able to bend or straighten my elbow it is very stiff.. my Ayurveda doctor prescribed shacharadi kwatham, gandha Tailam, and sankha bhasmam will it help me to recover from stiffness and elbow movement

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