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Hingula Bhasma – Preparation, Qualities, Uses, Side Effects

Hingula Bhasma is an Ayurvedic medicine, used quite rarely. It contains heavy metal ingredients and should only be used under strict medical supervision for a short period of time, in a minimum possible dose. 

Classification:
Sadharana Rasa (Rasa Ratna Samucchaya)
Maharasa (Rasarnava, Rasa Hrudaya Tantra, Rasa Kamadhenu)
Chemical name – HgS. Red Sulphide of Mercury

Qualities and benefits of Hingula Bhasma:
तिक्तं कषायं कटु हिड्गुलं स्यान्नेत्रामयघ्नं कफपित्तहारि ।
हृल्लासकुष्ठज्वरकामलाश्च प्लीहामवातौ च  गरं निहन्ति ॥ (आ.प्र.२/७२)
Qualities:
Tikta – bitter
Kashaya – astringent taste,
Katu – pungent taste
Calms Kapha and Pitta.
It acts as
Deepana – improves digestion strength
Rasayana – anti aging, causes cell and tissue rejuvenation
Useful in the treatment of
Hrullasa – nausea,
Kushta – skin diseases
Jwara – fever
Kamala – Jaundice, Liver diseases
Pleeha – Disease of the spleen, Splenomegaly
Rheumatoid Arthritis, Rheumatic fever, Intermittent fever, Filariasis.

Hingula - cinnabar

Anupana – co drinks / co-prescription for Hingul Bhasm:
Maricha – black pepper powder
Guda – jaggery
Pippali – long pepper powder
Guduchi Swarasa – juice extract of Giloy – Tinospora cordifolia 

Dose: 60 – 125 mg once or twice a day before or after food

Hingula side effects:

  • This medicine should only be taken under strict medical supervision.
  • Self medication with this medicine may prove to be dangerous.
  • It is to be avoided in children and pregnant and lactating mothers.
  • Over-dosage may cause many poisonous side effects.
  • Take this medicine in precise dose and for limited period of time, as advised by doctor.
  • Keep out of reach and sight of children. Store in a dry cool place.

Manufacturers:
Asoka Pharmaceuticals, Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala  – Both manufacture this product as Hingula Bhasmam capsule.
Regular dose of Hingula Bhasma capsule is – 1 capsule 2 times a day for not more than a month period.

Sanskrit Synonyms:
हिड्गुलो  हिड्गुलञ्चैव हिड्गुलं चेड्गुलाह्वयम् । म्लेच्छं रक्तं सुरड्गञ्च चित्राड्गं  चूर्णपारदम् ॥
रसोद्भवो  रसस्थानं रञ्जनं कपिशीर्षकम् । रक्तकायो  हंसपादो दरदञ्च प्रकीर्तितम् ॥ (र.त.९/१-२)
hiḍgulo hiḍgulañcaiva hiḍgulaṃ ceḍgulāhvayam | mlecchaṃ raktaṃ suraḍgañca citrāḍgaṃ cūrṇapāradam ||
rasodbhavo rasasthānaṃ rañjanaṃ kapiśīrṣakam | raktakāyo haṃsapādo daradañca prakīrtitam || (ra.ta.9/1-2)

Ingula, Mleccha, Rakta, Suranga, Chitranga, Churnaparada, Rasodbhava, Rasasthana, Ranjana, Kapishirshaka, Raktakaya, Kamsapada, Darada.

Characteristic features of Hingula:
जपाकुसुमवर्णाभः पेषणे सुमनोहरः  ।महोज्वलो  भारपूर्णो हिड्गुलः  श्रेष्ठ उच्यते ॥ (र.त.९/३)
japākusumavarṇābhaḥ peṣaṇe sumanoharaḥ  |mahojvalo  bhārapūrṇo hiḍgulaḥ  śreṣṭha ucyate || (ra.ta.9/3)

Colour is similar to hibiscus flower, turns to fine powder upon triturition, red, and shining (like fire). 

History: Hingula is first mentioned in Kautilya Arthashastra, in the context of testing of Swarna (gold).

Availability: Spain, Italy, France, Germany, China, Japan, Iran, America and Russia. Artificially it is prepared in Surat & Calcutta.

Types of Hingul: Hingul Bheda: 
प्रथमः खनिजोऽन्यस्तु कृत्रिमो  हिड्गुलो मतः । खनिजः खनितो जातः कृत्रिमो  रसगन्धजः ॥ (र.त.९/४)
prathamaḥ khanijo’nyastu kṛtrimo hiḍgulo mataḥ |khanijaḥ khanito jātaḥ kṛtrimo rasagandhajaḥ || (ra.ta.9/4)

हिंगुलः शुकतुण्डाख्यो हंसपादस्तथाऽपरः ।प्रथमो  अल्पगुणस्तत्र चर्मारः  स निगद्यते ॥
श्वेतरेखः प्रवालाभो हंसपादः स इरितः । (र.र.स. ३/१३९)

Types:
Rasa Tarangini: Artificial and natural.
Ayurveda Prakasha –
Charmara (yellowish red) – good.
Shukatunda (Yellowish) – Better
Hamsapada – red – best.
Rasaratna Samucchaya – Shukatunda and Hamsapada.

Necessity of Hingula Shodhana:
अशुद्धो  दरदः कुर्यादान्ध्यं  क्षैण्यं क्लमं भ्रमम् ।
मोहं मेहं च संशोध्यस्तस्माद् वैद्यैस्तु हिड्गुलः ॥ (आ.प्र.२/७३)
aśuddho  daradaḥ kuryādāndhyaṃ  kṣaiṇyaṃ klamaṃ bhramam |
mohaṃ mehaṃ ca saṃśodhyastasmād vaidyaistu hiḍgulaḥ || (ā.pra.2/73)

Ashuddha Hingula – Raw and not purified, can cause blindness, debility, delusion, Prameha etc. Hence Shodhana is needed.

Hingula Shodhana – Purification methods:
मेषीक्षीरेण  दरदं निम्बूनीरेण  भावितम् । सप्तवारं  प्रयत्नेन शुद्धिमायाति  निश्चितम् ॥ (आ.प्र.२/७४)
निम्बूकस्वरसेनेह  हिड्गुलं श्लक्ष्णचूर्णितम् । विभावयेत्सप्तवारं  क्षालयेद् बहुशोऽम्भसा ॥
ततः संशोषयेद् घर्मं  रसतन्त्रविधानवित् । एवं  विशोधितं रक्तं  वीतशड्कः प्रयोजयेत् ॥ (र.त.९/१६ – १७)
सप्तकृत्वाऽऽर्द्रकद्रावैर्लकुचस्याम्बुनाऽथवा । शोषितो  भावयित्वाऽथ निर्देषो  जायते खलु ॥ (र.र.स.३/१४२)
meṣīkṣīreṇa daradaṃ nimbūnīreṇa bhāvitam | saptavāraṃ prayatnena śuddhimāyāti niścitam || (ā.pra.2/74)
nimbūkasvaraseneha hiḍgulaṃ ślakṣṇacūrṇitam | vibhāvayetsaptavāraṃ kṣālayed bahuśo’mbhasā ||
tataḥ saṃśoṣayed gharmaṃ rasatantravidhānavit | evaṃ viśodhitaṃ raktaṃ vītaśaḍkaḥ prayojayet || (ra.ta.9/16 – 17)
saptakṛtvā”rdrakadrāvairlakucasyāmbunā’thavā | śoṣito bhāvayitvā’tha nirdeṣo jāyate khalu || (ra.ra.sa.3/142)

Shodhana:

  1. Hingula is given Bhavana (grinding till total dryness)with Mesha ksheera (sheep milk), followed by 7 Bhavana with lemon juice extract.
  2. Nimbuswarasa (lemon juice) Bhavana for 7 times, washed with water.
  3. Ardrakaswarasa  (ginger juice) Bhavana for 7 times
  4. Lakucha swarasa Bhavana for 7 times.

 Hingula Satvapatana:
हिंगुल सत्वपातन:
दरदः  पातनायन्त्रे पातितश्च  जलाश्रये । तत्सत्वं सूतसड्काशं जायते नात्रं  संशयः ॥ (र.र.स.३/१४४)

Satwapatana: Shuddha Hingula is taken in patina Yantra and subjected to Adhapatana. This Parada is similar to the Ashtasamskarita Parada.

Hingula bhasma preparation method:
This process is also called Hingula Marana.
Reference: Yogaratnakara.
Shuddha Hingula – Purified Hingul – 12 g
Shuddha Haratal – Purified Haratala (Orpiment) – 3 Ratti – 375 mg
Lavanga churna – Clove powder – 1 masha – 1 gram
Ardraka Swarasa – ginger juice – 24 ml

Procedure of Marana: 

All ingredients are taken in a Sharava ( bowl).
First a fine powder of shuddha haratala is spread in sharava. Above this shuddha hingula is placed. Ardraka swarasa is then poured in such a way that the contents of sharava are completely immersed in swarasa. Lavanga churna is then sprinkled over the swarasa and is closed with another sharava and sandhibandhana is done. After complete drying, the sharava is subjected to fire in madhyamagni. To maintain the temperature, valuka yantra is used and a temperature of 2,500 C for 3 hours is maintained. After swangasheeta, sharava is removed from valuka yantra, sandhibandhana is removed and the material inside the sharava is collected. Thus bhasma is prepared.

Research: Physico-chemical analysis

 

 


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Comments

  1. dipti naik says:

    hello dr,
    this hingulabhasmam tab i m taking or psorises .kottkal vaidya has given me along with kasoraguggulu vatika tab plus mahatikatam kashayam.i read about tab hingulabhasmam.is it safe to take?or i shall stop?i have taken for a month noe.pls advice me.

    • Dr Malini Bhat says:

      Hello Madam, If you are under a medical supervision then you can go ahead. Do consult the doctor after the course of medication is over.

  2. Hello doctor,
    hingula bhasmam 200mg cap taking for ulcer problems, kottakkal ayurveda and told that continue upto 2 months is it safe.

  3. I’ve been asked to take 200mg tabs three times daily. For 21 days. Is it safe?

  4. Subramanian says:

    Doctor. I had gone to a frnds place by train yesterday. 3 HR journey. Morning went at 6:30 reached at 9:00. The village was very cold. Returned by 5:20. Till 2:00 PM no prob. After that I felt very tired, little fever and head was kind of heavy. Came back, ate Dolo for fever. Today went to Ayurveda doc. He gave Nimbamritasavam. And HingulaBhasmam 200 mg, 2 pills a day for 15 days. Is it OK. What are the uses of the above medicines

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